Yamamoto® Nutrition Mega SAUZER® is a citrulline, beta alanine and arginine alpha-ketoglutarate food supplement with taurine, branched chain amino acids (BCAA), vitamins C, B6 and B12 and plant extracts, with caffeine and other nutrition factors. The product is suitable for adult sportsmen who practice intense physical activity as a pre-workout. Branched chain amino acids are suitable for supplementation of sportsman's diet. Vitamins C, B6 and B12 contribute to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue and to normal energy-yielding metabolism, while vitamin
B6 also contributes to the normal protein and glycogen metabolism.
The release of the new version of Shura KHAN® has projected pre-workout supplements without stimulants forward into a new generation, by using high quality raw materials (many of them patented) with proven effectiveness. That's why, on the enthusiastic wave of Shura KHAN®, comes the new and redesigned Mega SAUZER®. Reformulated and renewed, the "historical" king of the Yamamoto® pre-workout line represents itself with the inclusion of elements that will exalt the already known qualities.
It has three particular strengths, nitric oxide stimulation, ergogenic-adrenergic stimulation and the more recent addition, a nootropic substance to ensure an unprecedented lucid focus during training. Objective: the formulation of supplements that really work, and always better, thanks to the more real scientific research tailored to the needs of the athlete, and to the most qualitative certified raw materials.
To promote maximum blood flow and therefore a better transport of oxygen and nutrients to the muscles, Citrulline malate is a great protagonist, with well-known characteristics that place it among the most effective nitric oxide stimulating elements, even with respect to arginine itself. In this regard, I always stress that after oral intake, arginine is subject to extensive pre-systemic and systemic elimination due to intestinal bacteria and hepatic and intestinal arginases that convert it into ornithine and urea. These factors significantly reduce the amount of arginine available for nitric oxide synthesis and for the other functions it is responsible for, limiting the efficacy of a specific oral supplement of arginine, so much appreciated in the past but still present in an "excessive" amount and often overestimated for the intended purposes. On the other hand, the amino acid Citrulline is not subjected to the presystemic and first pass elimination described above, and can be converted first into argininosuccinate, then into arginine, thus acting as a precursor of this amino acid. Citrulline administration significantly increases both arginine and citrulline plasma levels in a dose-dependent manner, and at the same dosage and route of administration (by mouth), citrulline would ensure an increase in almost double blood arginine levels compared to the same dose of arginine at a slow dosage, and about 20% higher than those of the same dose of immediate-release arginine. All in favour of a powerful stimulation of the blood supply to the muscles engaged in training. Citrulline salified with malic acid, has shown in many scientific studies a positive effect in the production of muscular ATP increasing the efficiency of the energy produced, with a decrease of the rate of phosphocreatine depletion reduced by 28% and an accelerated recovery rate of 20%. Already appreciated as a performance-oriented integrator for the above-mentioned reasons, it has several advantages in terms of performance extension and quality, such as that of buffering the accumulation of ammonia (responsible for the onset of fatigue by inhibiting the conversion of pyruvate into acetyl CoA hindering muscle contraction). Another benefit of citrulline malate would be to decrease muscle soreness following intense muscular exercise, which if combined with muscle pumping that strongly favours lactate buffering and the increased rate of restoration of the phosphocreatine stocks, will be a great ally to improve the yield of our training but also provide the conditions for a more efficient recovery. And we know that the quicker you recover, the sooner you get better.
L-Arginine has not been completely eliminated, but it is present in the form of AAKG ARGININE-ALPHA-KETOGLUTARATE, which is a form of arginine bound to alpha-ketoglutarate, which is a very important ketoacid at the metabolic level, being the point of intersection between anabolic and catabolic reactions. This association improves the stability of arginine in an aqueous environment, and improves its ergogenic capacity, intervening in the Krebs cycle. AAKG is obviously involved in support of the activity of Citrulline, in the synthesis of NO which, in turn will promote vasodilation, and facilitating the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the tissues at the muscular level allowing to keep the muscle pumping for longer and more intensely, improving performance during the training session.
Always looking for the best performance in "every" workout, another element in the team is beta-alanine, able to facilitate high intensity workouts. This supports greater amounts of anaerobic training, to increase endurance and to delay muscle fatigue, contributing to the optimisation of workouts - especially short and intense ones - thanks to the increase of carnosine reserves in the muscles. Known for years in the world of sports supplements (both for anaerobic and aerobic work) it also helps maintain optimal muscle pH during exercise by restricting the action of lactic acid. Finally, beta-alanine would also be able to improve stress ventilation, reducing fatigue and further contributing to high-intensity workouts.
If the maximum pump is the goal of this supplement, another first choice component that we wanted to include is L-Norvaline, a water-soluble amino acid derived from L-Valine. An amino acid that is important for the endogenous arginine concentration within the organism, able to maximise the production of nitric oxide. The special characteristic of Norvalina is that of extending the production of nitric oxide thanks to stopping the activity of arginase, the enzyme that removes arginine and converts it into urea and limits the production of nitric oxide. So we will have more stocks making more bio-arginine, making Norvalina a valuable team-mate with Citrulline and AAKG.
More blood transported allows the supply of greater oxygenation to the muscles and the delivery of precious bioavailable nutrients for reconstruction and recovery such as branched chain amino acids - Leucine, Valine, Isoleucine. Ultra studied in terms of the most recognised qualities, branched chain amino acids have particular characteristics: they make the nitrogen balance positive, demonstrating the ability to obtain significant modifications of the amino acid profile even in protein catabolic situations, stimulating protein synthesis. They are catabolised directly from the skeletal muscle, therefore their metabolism does not involve the liver considerably (Leucine, indeed, plays an inhibitory role in the formation of urea in the liver) and that is why BCAAs are prescribed to patients presenting with liver failure.
As they say, physiologically speaking they make up about 20% of the muscle proteins, but they are not only important from the technical point of view, i.e. as simple precursors of protein molecules, but are also indispensable for the synthesis of muscle proteins, the "anabolic" effect which is mainly due to the "queen of amino acids", Leucine.
Recall that in the muscles and liver protein synthesis is slowed down during intense and prolonged muscle work, as well as during the first phase of recovery, while breakdown is accelerated. This situation is a consequence of a combination of cascading factors such as the decrease in blood concentration of insulin and an increase in the concentration of catecholamines. In the second recovery phase the proteins are reconstructed and the amino acids captured by the blood are 90% branched, because catabolism during physical exercise happens above all to load of the last ones; in this phase the BCAAs, thanks to their property of stimulating protein synthesis, favouring the recovery from fatigue caused by catabolism. It is not by chance that they are placed in pre-workout and workout mixtures, particularly for their energetic function: the administration of branched amino acids during intense and prolonged physical activity, should cope with the increased demand for Alanine and the availability of BCAA of exogenous origin would limit the consumption of those of endogenous origin, thus decreasing the autolysis of muscle proteins during the work with considerable advantage for physical efficiency and the level of performance, delaying the appearance of fatigue thanks to the competition in absorption at the level of the blood-brain barrier with Tryptophan (amino acid precursor of the formation of serotonin, hormone responsible for feelings of drowsiness, decreased attention and sense of fatigue).
The presence of caffeine, the most widespread psychoactive substance and the most widely consumed stimulant in the world that interacts with specific biological receptors that regulate the functions of the endocrine cardiovascular system, as well as of the nervous system, increasing the levels of energy, results in reaction times becoming more efficient, also improving the perception of the pain threshold and allowing "sharper" concentration. In addition to the well-known ergogenic effect, remember the "metabolic" one, as fatty acids are mobilised when we consume caffeine, which saves precious muscle glycogen. This allows athletes to train for longer, and glycogen savings seems to occur during the first fifteen minutes of the activity, the period in which the use of glycogen decreases by 50%.
Another element of high stimulating power contained in the new Mega Sauzer is Korean Ginseng. Known and used for millennia, this adaptogen par excellence has a large content of Ginsenoside Rg1 which makes it particularly stimulating. Its benefits have been known of by Eastern peoples for millennia. However, they began to be the subject of real scientific studies only during the Second World War: the Soviet Ministry of Defence was looking for substances that would increase the resistance of its soldiers. Why has it been included in a preworkout blend for body builders?The qualities are varied and the work that can be done with the other elements is very synergistic, as it helps regulate breathing during sport, allowing not only energy savings but also an improvement in strength and endurance during high-volume workouts, improves reflexes and reduces mental fatigue, promotes cardiovascular work, is believed to also benefit athlete's muscles thanks to its ability to promote the release of creatine, and helps eliminate waste substances from the body by lowering the accumulation of lactic acid in the blood following intense physical activity.
Speaking of "adaptogens", an element of great value for our pre-workout is Rodiola. This is a well-known phytotherapeutic extract with adaptogenic properties that have been attributed to its two active principles para-tyrosol and salidroside, which influence the levels of certain mediators in the brain and in peripheral, cardiovascular and respiratory tissues, reducing the secretion of catabolic hormones such as cortisol. In fact, it has been shown that by activating an enzyme, adenylate cyclase, at the level of fat cells, rosavine promotes the release of fatty acids from the blood. The mobilisation of these determines an increase of energy substrate for the production of ATP that will be available for muscular requirements, that has also re-launched to great fame in the sports world.
As a consequence, an improvement in physical performance and an increase in fatigue resistance are obtained, further support for those seeking maximum performance. For body builders, Rodiola has the ability to reduce the onset of to reduce the onset of DOMS (delayed onset muscle soreness), after intense physical exercise, thus facilitating post-workout muscle recovery, to reduce post-concentration of markers of damage muscle such as myoglobin, creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase, thus supporting the aforementioned myoprotective role and optimising mitochondrial energy flow.
But the great innovation that we have also included in the new formulation of Mega Sauzer, is Cognizin. With the stimulating action of caffeine and Korean ginseng, like the new Shurakhan, the Mega Sauzer will boast of a very effective natural nootropic substance to enhance maximum lucidity and focus in training. A Kyowa patent based on fermented citicoline, supported by several very interesting clinical studies, is a natural precursor of one of the most important neurotransmitters in the brain, acetylcholine, in other words it helps to regulate the transmissions between neurons in the brain, dedicated to the thought process and increasing memory functions. Cognizin® helps to increase the activity of mitochondria in brain cells, powerful brain energy centres, favouring enhanced focus, learning, increased memory and improved general brain functions. We have also seen that as the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine increase, two neurotransmitters that are both connected to mood and memory also increase, which we know undergo various oscillations at certain times for the agonist. Dopamine helps to control both mood and movement, and its increase in levels leads to an increase in mood more predisposed towards pleasure and positivism, as well as being essential for forming new memories and learning new experiences. Norepinephrine helps control the escape or fight reaction that can be triggered by the adrenal glands when the athlete finds themselves in times of stress. Excellent "brain nourishment" to encourage the search for that "mind-muscles connection" and maximum concentration during training, one more factor that brings yet another new dimension of innovation to this pre-workout blend from Yamamoto® nutrition.
Yamamoto® Nutrition Ultra B ADVANCED is a food supplement providing a broad-spectrum of B vitamins, suitable in case of reduced intake or increased requirements. Vitamins B2, B12 and niacin contribute to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue; vitamin B1, biotin and pantothenic acid contribute to the normal energy yielding metabolism. Furthermore folate contributes to the regular amino acid synthesis and vitamin B6 contributes to physiological protein and glycogen metabolism. The product is completed with inositol and choline bitartrate.
Contribute in the reduction of tiredness and fatigue states, as the normal functioning of the nervous and psychological system. That's why we find contained in many dietary supplements "tonics" for certain periods of high stress of various kinds (super job, intense study, emotional stress) The intestinal microflore would also be able to produce some of the vitamin B complex, but its alteration can affect the synthesis, see, eg, antibiotic therapies or depressive states of the immune system. The vitamins B6, B12 and folic acid are also useful for the control of omicisteinemia.
But the distinction of Ultra B Advanced compared to the many supplements B vitamins?
Yamamoto® has as its mission to create supplements that are of the highest scientific efficacy, and also in this case it is wanted to offer a "plus". It's called "methylcobalamin", and is a methylated form and definitely more absorbable of cobalamin (vitamin B12), with the result that taking even an even smaller dose will result in a greater bioavailability, reaching "a destination" where needed.
When you maintain adequate levels of this cobalamin or vitamin B12, you will have the highest expression of this, supporting the nervous, immune and circulatory systems. Because of its effect of direct passage to the brain, this supplement can help increase mental functions such as memory and attention, with an improvement in your overall well-being.
Here quickly explained why these supplements are called "tonic".It is also noted that that methylcobalamin aid the body to synthesize melatonin more effectively and thus aid thus indirectly to regulate sleep cycles and circadian rhythms of the body. Another very curious and important benefit resulting from an adequate intake of this compound of methylcobalamin is that it can help the body in protection against harmful toxins. The presence of Choline bitartrate Inositol and will further support the liver function, in the important detoxification processes (methylated) that the B complex and assists in the metabolism of fats and cholesterol.
Here we could really say "the effective unity is strength"!
Yamamoto® Nutrition presents Vitamin E 60mg, which is suitable for reduced dietary intake or increased requirements of vitamin E. Vitamin E contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress..
Yamamoto® Nutrition presents ZmaPRO. ZmaPRO is a food supplement with zinc, magnesium and vitamin B6 recommended for men, also sportsmen.
Zinc contributes to the normal fertility and reproduction and contributes to the maintenance of normal testosterone
levels in the blood.
Vitamin B6 contributes to the regulation of hormonal activity and to the normal energy yielding metabolism, while
magnesium contributes to the normal muscle function and to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue.
From the studies that support the ergogenic activity of this product, it emerges that the ZMA possesses an intense anabolic activity, mediated by the stimulus on the production and secretion of testosterone and IGF-1.
The three ingredients of the ZMA play a major biological role and among these magnesium is undoubtedly one of the most deficient minerals in the typical diet of industrialized countries.
The intense physical activity is accompanied by an increased need for vitamins and minerals, not always compensated by adequate nutrition.
When it is not possible to follow a 100% correct diet, food supplementation is a valid aid for sportsmen and sedentary.
Yamamoto® Nutrition present Creatine PRO Creapure® Quality.
Creatine PRO is a dietary supplement made from micronised creatine monohydrate, recommended for adults and athletes who perform physical activities that require intense muscular effort.
Creatine increases physical performance in case of repetitive, high-intensity, short-duration exercise.
Creapure® is the only brand to bring together three fundamental quality components for the production of creatine: careful selection of raw materials, maximum efficiency of patented analytical technology and meticulous analytics.
Only the Creapure® logo means pure creatine.
Creapure® is the premium creatine brand in the world.
Creapure® is the only brand to bring together three fundamental quality components for the production of creatine:
- careful selection of raw materials
- maximum technological efficiency thanks to highly developed process technology, under GMP conditions
- meticulous analytics
Creapure® can therefore promise the maximum possible effect and safety.
Creapure® is a registered trademark with a registered logo, and is synonymous with high quality creatine (monohydrate).
The conditions of production and the selection and treatment of raw materials are crucial for the quality of creatine monohydrate.
Poor quality raw materials or, for example, a reduction of the amount of water during recrystallisation lead to high values and thus to large amounts of creatinine, dicianodiammide and dihydrotriazine.
Creapure® specifications are subject to strict rules.
The presence of impurities is controlled by means of High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).
Typical Creapure® analysis values:
- Creatine Monohydrate: min. 99.95%
- Creatinine: <67 ppm
- Dicianidammide (DCD): <30 ppm
- Dihydrotriazine (DHT): not measurable.
Yamamoto® Nutrition Charge is a powder food supplement for healthy adults for use after intense and prolonged workouts which cause muscle fatigue and reduce glycogen in the muscles. The key ingredient of Charge is isomaltulose, a carbohydrate metabolised by the human body, and a source of glucose and fructose.
After very intense and/or prolonged workouts, with muscle fatigue and depletion of glycogen stores in skeletal muscles, carbohydrates contribute to the recovery of normal muscle function, i.e. contraction (see Directions).
After the great success obtained by the now "famous" highly branched cyclodextrins (HBCD), the dynamic product catalogue of the Yamamoto stable continues to insert new elements, among them another particular form of carbohydrate: the isomaltulose (Palatinose™) presented by us as "Charge". Isomaltulose is a disaccharide formed from glucose and fructose which is present in nature, albeit in rather low concentrations, in honey and in cane sugar syrup, and its production is done through modern enzymatic conversion techniques starting from sucrose. Isomaltulose, is often compared (and replaced) to sucrose not only for its highly sweetening power (45-50% of that of sucrose) and development linked to its flavour, so much so that it is often used in the food industry. Just like sucrose it is totally digested at the intestinal level, even if its digestion takes place slower. A structural characteristic characterised by the fact that that the bonds of the molecules that form the isomaltulose (alpha (a) -1,6-glycosidic) are more stable than those of the molecules present in the sucrose. So this is an interesting point and much appreciated for the sportsman who wants to maintain optimal performance levels, the glycemia and insulin increase being significantly lower than other sugars. This particular type of bond existing between these two components (fructose and glucose) is such as to slow down the speed of absorption. Then our intestinal disaccharidases, which are the enzymes capable of breaking the molecular link between the two disaccharide-forming sugars, will favour their subsequent absorption and bioavailability, proceeding much more slowly for the isomaltulose than for other more well-known disaccharide sugars, such as, for example, sucrose. As a result, the blood sugar and insulin levels will have a significantly lower increase and will still be very gradual. This has brought out the advantages that have made it already well known in the world of sports integration in particular for endurance sports such as athletics, cycling, triathlon, cross-country skiing, etc, or the fact that it has a low glycemic index and a reduced osmolarity compared to glucose and fructose which were used a lot in the past (but not immune to different limits and side effects). The split glucose enters the blood more times than the use of other sugars, with a stimulation to the lower insulin release. Isomaltulose has a glycemic index similar to fructose but compared to it, has the advantage of lesser "impact" on the hepatic production of triglycerides and therefore is more suitable than fructose, or "historical" mixtures used by athletes with fructose, glucose or maltodextrin as a low glycemic carbohydrate. Less glycemic and insulin oscillations and less gastrointestinal disturbances. In fact, with isomaltulose, the risk of gastrointestinal disorders is reduced even further after its intake, and scientific studies have shown that isomaltulose is able to provide energy for a longer time without the risk of incurring the so-called glycemic "crash" (declines). Therefore, once ingested by the athlete, it is gradually absorbed and follows the same metabolic processes as sucrose, the sugars freed from its hydrolysis being the same as those resulting from the hydrolysis of sucrose (glucose and fructose). The digestion process is particularly "easy" for the gastrointestinal tract, also with very good tolerability emerging from the studies, without presenting particular problems of the gastrointestinal type typical of other forms of carbohydrate used in sports (e.g. swelling, fermentation also type cramping, nausea, diarrhea) or allergic reactions. Noteworthy of being presented in its favour compared to its more famous "relatives" and also partially appreciated by the food industry (glucose, maltodextrin, fructose or sucrose itself) is the fact that although it provides an energy contribution equal to 4 Kcal /g, unlike sucrose, it does not favour the onset of caries because it cannot be used by the micro-organisms responsible for their appearance. From a "metabolic" point of view it has emerged that from some comparative studies, by using palatinosio instead of higher glycemic index disaccharides the body oxidises less carbohydrates and more fatty acids thus saving the carbohydrate reserves. A really interesting performance support weapon for many types of sports! Thanks to the slowness of its absorption process, essentially assuming Charge widens the temporal extension of the glycemic curve, it makes the isomaltulose a slow release energy source. This can support the body during training sessions even of very prolonged and sustained intensity, with no drop in performance due to glycemia that fluctuates or annoying gastrointestinal disturbances, having in its favour a sustained scientific literature as well as positive concrete evidence from athletes in the field. It is a white and crystalline powder, it is not hygroscopic so it is well discernible, does not form clots, and mixes very well in beverages with other elements such as mineral salts, branched or essential amino acids for example.
Charge can be taken both before and during training for endurance sports in particular or in any case those that go beyond a certain length of time, presenting itself as a newer and more effective alternative to the most common sources of simple carbohydrates or mixtures used in the past based on glucose, fructose, sucrose and/or maltodextrins.
1. Siddiqua, I.R; Furhala, B. 1967. Isolation and characterization of oligosaccharides from honey. Part I Disaccharides. J Apicult Res 6:139-145. Cited In: Irwin & Sträter
2. Food Standard Agency UK. Dossier for application for approval of Isomaltulose according to Novel Food EEC Regulation. Available on www.food.gov.uk Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27th January 1997 concerning novel foods and novel food ingredients.
3. NutriScience. 2002. The Effect of Dextrose and Isomaltulose Ingestion on Serum Glucose and Insulin Levels in Healthy Volunteers. NutriScience Report 72.01.0003.
4. NutriScience. 2003. Study on the Intestinal Absorption of Isomaltulose, Trehalose, and Soy-Isoflavones. Report on Isomaltulose. NutriScience Report 72.01.0010/B.
5. Achten, J.; Jentjens, R.; Jeukendrup, A. 2003. Exogenous Oxidation of Sucrose and Isomaltulose Ingested During Moderate Intensity Exercise. Internal Report Cerestar. 18 July 2003.
6. Gazzetta Ufficiale dell'Unione Europea del 23.06.05. DECISIONE DELLA COMMISSIONE del 4 aprile 2005 che autorizza l'immissione in commercio dell'isomaltulosio come nuovo alimento o nuovo ingrediente alimentare in forza del regolamento (CE) n. 258/97 del Parlamento europeo e del Consiglio [notificata con il numero C(2005) 1001]
7. Kawai, K.; Okuda, Y.; Yamashita, K. 1985. Changes in blood glucose and insulin after an oral palatinose (isomaltulose) administration in normal subjects. Endocrinol Jpn 32(6):933-936.
8. Kawai, K.; Okuda, Y.; Chiba, Y.; Yamashita, K. 1986. Palatinose (isomaltulose) as a potential parenteral nutrient: its metabolic effects and fate after oral and intravenous administration to dogs. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol 32:297-306.
9. Kawai, K.; Yoshikawa, H.; Murayama, Y.; Okuda, Y.; Yamashita, K. 1989. Usefulness of palatinose (isomaltulose) as a caloric sweetener for diabetic patients. Horm Metab Res 21:338-340.
10. Hespel, P.; Van den Eede, E.; Ramaekers, M.; Muls, E.; Vansant, G. 2003. Effects of Isomaltulose Intake on Blood Glucose and Insulin Concentration at Rest and During Exercise in Patients With Insulin Resistance: Comparison With Fructose. Final Report. 10 July 2003
11. Liao, Z.-H.; Li, Y.-B.; Yao, B.; Fan, H.-D.; Hu, G.-L.; Weng, J.-P. 2001. The effects of isomaltulose on blood glucose and lipids for diabetic subjects. Diabetes 50(Suppl. 2):A366 [Abstract No. 1530-P].
12. Irwin, W.E.; Sträter, P.J. 1991. Isomaltulose. In: O'Brien Nabors, L.; Gelardi, R.C. (Eds.). Alternative Sweeteners (2nd Rev. Expanded Ed.). Marcel Dekker; New York, pp. 299- 307.
13. Jonker, D.; Lina, B.A.R.; Kozianowski, G. 2002. 13-week oral toxicity study with isomaltulose (Palatinose®) in rats. Food Chem Toxicol 40(10):1383-1389.
14. Kashimura, J.; Hara, T. and Nakajinma, Y. 1993. Effects of isomaltulose-based oligomers on the human intestinal environment. Nihon Eiyo Shokuryo Gakkaishi 46(2):117-122.
15. MacDonald, I.; Daniel, J.W. 1983. The bioavailability of isomaltulose in man and rat. Nutr Rep Int 28(5):1083-1090.
16. Sasaki, N.; Topitsoglou, V.; Takazoe, I.; Frostell, G. 1985. Cariogenicity of isomaltulose (palatinose), sucrose and mixture of these sugars in rats infected with streptococcus mutans E-49. Swed Dent J 9(4):149-155.
17. SCF. 1984. Report of the Scientific Committee for Food on Sweeteners (Opinion expressed in 1984), 16th Series, 1985.
18. SCF. 1997. Minutes of the 107th Meeting of the Scientific Committee for Food (SCF). 12-13 June 1997.
19. Takazoe, I. 1985. New trends on sweeteners in Japan. Int Dent J 35(2):58-65.
20. Topitsoglou, V.; Sasaki, N.; Takazoe, I.; Frostell, G. 1984. Effect of frequent rinses with isomaltulose (Palatinose®) solution on acid production in human dental plaque. Caries Res 18(1):47-51. Cited In: Birkhed et al., 1987
21. U.S. FDA. 1997. Secondary Direct Food Additives Permitted In Food For Human Consumption; Proposed rule (21 CFR Part 173.25). Fed Regist (US) 62(74).
Yamamoto® Nutrition Glutamine PRO Kyowa® Quality is a dietary glutamine supplement, suitable for athletes who undertake intense physical activities.
Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the blood. Glutamine is essential in certain situations, including strenuous exercise, when the body can not meet its needs by synthesising glutamine.
The brand Kyowa Quality (KQ) is made up of a wide range of ultra-pure amino acids and related compounds provided by Kyowa Hakko BIO Co. LTD., a global leader with over 60 years of experience and a reputation for strict quality assurance.
With its innovative fermentation technology, developed over the years.
Kyowa® has become a trusted pioneer in the health field.
KQ provides consistently pure products, building on 60 years of Kyowa®experience. Quality assurance is the core of the KQ brand.
Yamamoto® Nutrition Glutamass POWDER is a supplement based on pure L-Glutamine powder.
Glutamass POWDER is a supplement with glutamine, suitable for athletes undertaking physical activities that require intense muscular effort.
Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the blood.
Glutamine is essential in certain situations, including strenuous exercise, when the body can not meet its needs by synthesising glutamine.
Yamamoto® Nutrition Carnitine 1000 is a dietary supplement of Carnitine in 1000 mg tablets, (carnitine tartrate), useful in cases of reduced dietary intake of this nutrient.
Carnitine is the vitamin-like compound responsible for the transport of long-chain fatty acids in cellular units of energy production: the mitochondria.
Its importance lies in the fundamental role it plays in the transport of fatty acids in the mitochondria. Since the carrier molecule of fatty acids, acyl-CoA, can not cross the cell membrane of the mitochondria, a deficiency of carnitine causes a reduction in the concentration of fatty acids in the mitochondria and, consequently, a reduced production of energy.
Fatty acids must be transferred from the CoA to the carnitine. The acyl-carnitine molecule transports the fatty acid to the mitochondrial surface of the inner mitochondrial membrane where it releases it to be transformed into energy (fat is 'burned').
The camitin performs many other physiological functions, including the conversion of the ketoacid analogs of branched chain amino acids, valine, Ieucine and isoleucine, an extremely important function in fasting, inediation and during exercise.
Yamamoto® Nutrition Arginine POWDER is an L-Arginine dietary supplement, recommended in cases of an increased need of L-Arginine, especially for sportsmen and women who take part in strenuous physical activity.
The product is 100% Kyowa® brand Arginine HCL, a guarantee of quality.
The brand Kyowa Quality (KQ) is made up of a wide range of ultra-pure amino acids and related compounds provided by Kyowa Hakko BIO Co. LTD., a global leader with over 60 years of experience and a reputation for strict quality assurance.
With its innovative fermentation technology, developed over the years. Kyowa® has become a trusted pioneer in the health field.
The KQ brand provides consistently pure products, building on 60 years of Kyowa® experience. Quality assurance is the core of the KQ brand.
L-Arginine is a nonessential amino acid, which means that in normal conditions it can be synthesised by the human body to meet its needs.
In case of poor nutrition or heavy physical activity, the body is no longer capable of producing enough Arginine, so a certain amount should be consumed via diet or supplements.
Being the only precursor of nitric oxide (NO) and an important precursor to Creatine, Arginine supplementation is common among athletes and bodybuilders.
Yamamoto® Nutrition Cla PRO Clarinol® Quality is a dietary supplement that provides 2.4 grams of Clarinol (R) brand conjugated linoleic acid, natural CLA from safflower oil used for years in the supplement field, quality assured.
Cla PRO Clarinol® Quality is made from natural safflower oil and is produced in special plants by experts dedicated to the production of a quality product.
Using proven technology and following a strict set of quality and safety standards (including ISO, GMP and HACCP) Clarinol® CLA is a very consistent fatty acid or isomer of the highest quality available.
Cla PRO Clarinol® Quality contains the highest possible concentration of active CLA fatty acids, which are called isomers.
At 2.4 grams/ day of these active isomers Clarinol® CLA provides an optimal daily dose.
Yamamoto® Nutrition Essential AMINO ENERGY is a supplement made from essential amino acids produced by fermentation with taurine, caffeine, citrulline, glutamine peptide and coconut water, designed for adult sportsmen who perform intensive training. The essential amino acids contribute to satisfying the body's protein/nitrogen requirements and also include the branched chain amino acids (BCAA: leucine, isoleucine, valine), which are recommended for integration into an athlete's diet. Caffeine helps to improve concentration and increases alertness.
Providing a pool of essential additives of glutamine in a peptide form creates a potent eutrophic energy base stimulus, and is taken up by the initial sections of the intestine within a few minutes too. The citrulline, caffeine and coconut water additives are features that make Essential Amino ENERGY unique in its genre.
Essential Amino ENERGY is distinguished by:
- The presence of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs). The branched chains are three essential amino acids, Leucine-Isoleucine-Valine, which account for about 30-40% of all muscle proteins. Taking BCAAs pre-workout facilitates greater energy and metabolic effort.
- Essential amino acids from fermentation. There are several main functions of EEAs. In particular, they improve the oxygen supply to muscles and stimulate muscle protein synthesis (anabolic and anti-catabolic effect).
- Glutamine in peptide form. Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid present in muscle tissue. The glutamine peptide is better absorbed than glutamine in free form (thanks to the presence of peptides that allow it to survive the digestive tract) and is also more stable in solution.
- High concentration of L-Citrulline. Integration of L-Citrulline has been shown to be useful for increasing the levels of arginine (as well as citrulline) in the blood that are available for nitric oxide synthesis, as well as for the other functions it takes part in. Studies have shown that with the same dosage and administration (oral), citrulline increases blood arginine levels almost twice as much, compared to the same dose of arginine.
- Caffeine. Caffeine is an ergogenic agent which increases energy levels, makes reaction times more efficient and improves concentration.
- Coconut water. Coconut water is naturally rich in electrolytes, particularly potassium, which promotes hydration of the body during training.
Yamamoto® Nutrition presents StrongMASS. "All-in-one" supplement based on macro- and micronutrients with the addition of vitamins and minerals, creatine, glutamine, arginine, BCAA, citrulline, tribulus, alpha-lipoic acid and digestive enzymes. Only StrongMASS can give you a single portion of 1101 calories, 55 grams of protein and a mixture of carbohydrates (maltodextrin DE6) and MCT fats, linseed oil.
BEING BEYOND THE HARDCORE
StrongMASS is an unprecedented "all-in-one" formula. In the simplest terms, 1 portion a day of charging with 1101 calories, 55 grams of protein and a mixture of carbohydrates (maltodextrin DE6) and MCT fats, linseed oil. All this, besides the normal diet, will help contribute to the growth and maintenance of muscle mass.
StrongMASS does not consist only of macronutrients but, in addition, each dose provides a complete spectrum of vitamins and minerals:
- 3000 mg Creatine
- 3000 mg L-Glutamine
- 1000 mg L-Arginine
- 2000 mg L-Leucine (BCAA)
- 1000 mg L-Isoleucine (BCAA)
- 1000 mg L-Valine (BCAA)
- 500 mg Choline
- 500 mg Citrulline
- 500 mg Taurine
- 500 mg Tribulus extract
- 280 mg Inositol
- 100 mg Alpha-lipoic acid
- 50 mg Enzyme blend
Only StrongMASS can give you so much in just one dose! With a complete protein spectrum consisting of whey protein concentrate, calcium caseinate, egg white protein and a range of macro- and micronutrients you can find everything you need in just one dose! Today you do not need to buy different supplements to have a full range of nutrients. It is possible to find everything in one product called StrongMASS!
Yamamoto® Nutrition Pure ISOLATE is a protein food supplement suitable to supplement adult sportsmen's diet, in particular those performing high intensity physical activities, such as fighting sports. Protein contributes to the growth and maintenance of muscle mass, to the maintenance of normal bones and contains naturally occurring branched chain amino acids (BCAA – 18,63 g/100 g).
The product is enriched with vitamin B6, which combats fatigue, and the natural digestive enzyme bromelain.
The whey proteins contain branched-chain amino acids (BCAA).
The isolated whey protein (WPI, Whey Protein Isolate) is the purest form of whey.
Microfiltration is the most expensive process for the isolation of protein supplements with a whey-protein basis, but it is also the one that is best at preserving the integrity and the presence of bio-active protein fractions, which determine the quality of the protein.
The whey obtained in the first stage of ultrafiltration is carried by an apparatus that, using a membrane filter system, proceeds with further progressive filtration, through which other unwanted particles, including minerals, lipids and lactose, are eliminated.
The microfiltered proteins are 99% undenatured and retain all the important bio-active peptide fractions of undenatured whey.
Pure ISOLATE does NOT contain collagen with other elements that alter the quality or the biological value of the product.
Yamamoto® Nutrition Super GREENS is made exclusively from vitamin-based active ingredients, minerals and plant extracts. It doesn't contain the sugar often found in these products.
When we come out with a new product it is always an event that represents the fruit of many hours of research on the best raw materials as well as the most effective and certified active ingredients. The same can be said with the various "refreshes" of the existing products, which continue to be reviewed and are always kept "one step ahead". Super GREENS was a very successful product, the new version is proposed as a unique product of its kind on the market with various patents added together based on concentrates of many vegetable and fruit extracts with the addition of adaptogens, and immunostimulants.
In this "team" of elements with a powerful synergistic antioxidant effect, detoxifying but also alkalising and rehydrating, we have included:
lyophilised coconut water
VitaCherry® (Montmorency black cherry)
VitaBerry® (red berry mix)
VitaVeggie® (green leafy vegetable mix)
We do not want to replace the concept of vegetables or fruit as a food, but given the increasing deterioration in the quality of these foods in terms of nutrients necessary our health, the new Super GREENS brings that missing superior quality while still being derived from fruits and vegetables, with very high "ORAC" (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) or the ability to absorb oxygen radicals thanks to polyphenols, anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins and bioflavonoids that together with adaptogens such as Aswhagandha, Cordyceps, and Echinacea, contribute to the defence and proper functioning of our organism.
These blends also have the advantage of being "enriched" with microelements without the risk of gulping down chemicals such as glyphosate or other pesticides, fertilisers or dyes commonly used on fruit and vegetables that arrive on our tables.
Everyone wants to feel good and have more energy. Even with the best intentions, few of us eat the recommended servings of fruits and vegetables every day.
Super GREENS is a formula based on a combination of over 50 phytonutrients from plant extracts, fruit and vegetable concentrates, vitamins and minerals.
Super GREENS does not contain artificial flavors, colorings or sweeteners, and has no hidden ingredients.